Routing

Last Updated: 2018-10-23

There's no magical tricks when it comes to the routing of Piranha CMS. Piranha relies 100% on the underlying web framework of your choice to handle the requests in the end, may it be MVC or Razor Pages. In the follwing examples we will asume that we have two Page Types defined called BasicPage and AdvancedPage, and that they have the following routes set up.

BasicPage

using Piranha.AttributeBuilder;
using Piranha.Models;

[PageType(Title = "Basic Page")]
public class BasicPage : Page<BasicPage>
{
...
}

AdvancedPage

using Piranha.AttributeBuilder;
using Piranha.Models;

[PageType(Title = "Advanced Page")]
[PageTypeRoute(Title = "Default", Route = "/advanced")]
public class AdvancedPage : Page<AdvancedPage>
{
...
}

Also, for our examples we will asume that we have two pages created in our site structure with the following sslugs. The page with the slug /home is also the start page of the site.

/home        // AdvancedPage
/about-us // BasicPage

Default routes

As you can see, the Page Type BasicPage does not have a route explicitly specified. When there's no route specified Piranha will rewrite the request to the default route of the Content Type. The following routes are default for the different core types:

  • /page for Pages.
  • /archive for Archive Pages.
  • /post for Posts.

How Does The Request Pipeline Work

Here's a simple description of what happens when a request comes to a Piranha application.

  1. A request comes to the web application
  2. The available middleware tries to resolve the url to an existing slug.
  3. If the middleware finds a slug it checks for a specified route or uses the default route.
  4. The request is rewritten to /<route>?id=<content_id>&... and handed over to the underlying web framework.

When a request is handled by the middleware the query string parameter piranha_handled=true is added to the rewritten URL. This is done to tell other Piranha middleware later in the pipeline that the request has been handled so there's no unnecessary processing done.

Example Requests

Given the above page types, here's how the following requests would be resolved.

Start Page

GET /

Given that the StartpageMiddleware is registered the page with the slug /home will be resolved. Since this page is of the type AdvancedPage the request will be rewritten to.

GET /advanced?id=...&startpage=true&piranha_handled=true

This also means that we need something that listens to the route we've specified in our Page Type. If we're using MVC we will need an Action with a matching route, for example:

using System;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Piranha;

public class CmsController : Controller
{
private readonly IApi _api;

public CmsController(IApi api)
{
_api = api;
}

...

[Route("advanced")]
public IActionResult AdvancedPage(Guid id, bool startpage)
{
var model = _api.Pages.GetById<AdvancedPage>(id);

if (startpage)
return View("StartPage", model);
return View(model);
}
}

Home

GET /home

If the start page is referenced by Slug the exact same thing will happen as in the above example given that the PageMiddleware is registered in the application pipeline. It will also be handled by the same Action in the same Controller.

About Us

GET /about-us

This request will also be handled by the PageMiddleware, but since the page is of the type BasicPage the default route will be used.

GET /page?id=...&startpage=true&piranha_handled=true

To handle this request we will need an Action in our Controller listening to the default page route as well.

using System;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Piranha;

public class CmsController : Controller
{
private readonly IApi _api;

public CmsController(IApi api)
{
_api = api;
}

...

[Route("page")]
public IActionResult BasicPage(Guid id)
{
return View(_api.Pages.GetById<BasicPage>(id));
}
}

Since all parameters are passed through the query string they are optional to handle. For example, we are not interested whether the requested page instance is the start page for the BasicPage type, so we can simply omit it from the method declaration.